Kamakhya Temple situated on Nilachal Hills is one of the most famous hindu temples of India. This temple is 8-10 km from city of Guwahati, Assam.
One of the 51 Shakti Peethas and one of 4 Aadi Peerthas of Maa Shakti is one of the oldest and famous Shaktipeeth. This unique temple of the Yoni-Roop(vaginal form) of Maa Bhagwati is considered to be the focal point of the entire universe.
Kamakhya Temple of Assam: An Important Pilgrimage Destination
There is no idol of the mother in the sanctum sanctorum. A Yoni-Roop Kunda (vagina-shaped pool) is worshipped out of which water keeps coming out. This kund is known as Yoni Kunda (vaginal pool), it is covered with red clothes and flowers.
The sanctum sanctorum is an important part of the temple. It is located in a cave about 20 feet below the ground.
Apart from Kamakhya devi, the main temple in a complex of individual temples dedicated to the ten other avtars. There avtars are of Kali, Bhuvaneshvari, Bagalamukhi, Chinnamasta, Tripura Sundari, Tara, Bagola, Bhairavi, Dhumavati, Matangi and Kamala.
Maa Matangi, Kamala Tripurasundari are inside the main temple. The other seven have their individual temples outside the main complex.
Kamakhya Temple celebrates the power of the woman to offer birth.
Tanktrics come to Kamakhya Temple from all around the Country during Ambubachi Mela
This Temple is the main pilgrimage site of Hindus and Tantrics.
Tantrics from every corner of the country come here to do spiritual practice during Ambubachi Mela.
Ambubachi Mela is organized every year in this temple in the month of June. It is believed that during these three days, the deity Sati is menstruating and instead of water in the water pool, blood flows.
The temple doors remain shut for three days. After three days, they are opened with great fanfare.
Animal sacrifice is also offered here, but no female animal is sacrificed here.
Animals and Birds have made Kamakhya their homes
Tortoises, monkeys, and big number of pigeons have made the temple their home, and loaf around the premise, being fed with the aid of the temple authorities and the temple visitors.
The cryptic, in addition to the religious ambience of the temple combine together to moderate the nerves of visitors, and take their minds to flights of internal salvation, and this is the very purpose that people come here for.
Shiva and Maa Sati Legend attached to Kamakhya Temple
It is said that King Daksha humiliated his daughter Sati’s husband, Lord Shankar during a yagna. Due to which Mother Sati committed suicide in the same yagya.
When Lord Shankar saw the dead body of Sati, he woke up with anger and lifted the dead body of his wife and started dancing in the Tandava. All Gods and Goddesses were frightened by this anger form of Lord Shiva.
To avoid the entire universe from Shiva’s wrath, Lord Vishnu separated the body parts of Mother Sati from the Sudarshan Chakra.
With Vishnu’s Chakra, Sati’s body was cut into 51 parts and fell from place to place.
Mother Sati’s vagina and womb fell at this place where today Kamakhya temple is situated.
Every year Brahmaputra river turns red during the month of Ashaad (June). It is believed that mother Goddess menstruates during his period.
Prasad of the Temple during Ambubachi Mela
Prasad given here is a cloth immersed in blood. It is said that when the doors of the temple are closed for three days then a white colored cloth is laid in the temple which turns red till the temple doors are opened. It is believed that Goddess menstruate during this period.
This red cloth is given to the devotees who come to this fair. This Prasad given in Ambubachi Mela is also called Ambubachi Prasad.
History of Kamakhya Temple Assam
This temple is the oldest temples in the nation has a long history connected with itself. This temple was believed to be constructed throughout the Mleccha dynasty in the 8th – 9th century.
Tantric Cult was being passionately loved by Kamarupa Kinga that’s why this temple became a significant destination for Tantricism.
The Kalika Purana was written from the 10th century, and it improved the value of the temple for importance for Tantrik sacrifices and sorcery.
Mystic Buddhism or Vajrayana emerged around time
A range of Buddhist academics in Tibet was understood to belong to Kamakhya.
Kamakhya Temple Reconstruction by Ahom Kings
The temple, constructed and renovated several times between the 8th – 17th centuries.
There were many invasions of Mughar emperor general, Kala-Pahar results in the destruction of the temple.
The original temple has been broken and built many times. Due to which the sculpture of this temple reflects the style of different periods. Sometimes it is called as Nilachal type structure.
Later it was built by the craftsmen of Bengal who were familiar with the Islamic craftsmanship. By this reason temple has hemispherical dome.
The carvings done in some parts of the temple are inspired by the Gupta period and Odissi-art.
The last time this temple was destroyed in the sixteenth century. Later it was rebuilt by King Nara Narayana in the seventeenth century. Nara Narayana was the son of Viswa Singha who was the founder of Koch Dynasty
It is a religious place as well as a good excursion for tourists fond of seeing the sculpture.
The structure was constructed together with remnants of their Koch temple maintained, during the Ahom times.
Temple was destroyed during the midst of the millennium. Temple structure was built from the architecture of temples by Chilarai of their Koch dynasty in 1565.
According to a legend, Devi herself banned offering puja from Kooch Bihar royal family to the temple.
There was fear of curse in the royal family. While passing by no descendants of the family dares to look upwards towards the Kamakhya mountain.
Ahom King contrbution in the History of Kamakhya Temple
From the end of 1658, the Ahoms under king Jayadhvaj Singha had defeated the Lower Assam. Later their interests in the temple grew.
Rudra Singha (reign 1696 to 1714) had strong beliefs of the Hindu religion. As he grew older, he embraced the faith and started practicing Hinduism.
He became a disciple of a Guru, who becomes his spiritual guide and taught him mantras.
Rudra Singha sent his messenger to Bengal to request Krishnaram Bhattacharya. Krishnaram Bhattacharya was a famous Priest of Malipota.
The Mahanta was reluctant to come. Later by giving assurance to the management of temple of him, he agreed upon the request of Rudra Singh.
However, the king did not become his disciple. To satisfy Mahanta he ordered his sons and Brahmins to accept him as Guru.
After the death of Rudra Singha Expired, his son Siba Singha, became the king. He handover the management along with large regions of property known as ‘Debottar Land’ to Mahanta Krishnaram Bhattacharyya.
Later Mahanta and his successors continued their legacy as Parbatiya Gosains. Most priests of temple of Kamakhya Devi are disciples or descendants of this Parbatiya Gosains.